Here are three quantitative methods problems.
Bill and Joe are playing a match in which the first player to win 2 games wins the match. For any given game, the probabilitythat Bill wins is 1/3.
(a) Find the probability that Bill wins the match.
(b) What is the probability that the match takes only 2 games?
If the meanof a distribution is 100 and the standard deviationis 20, what is the range(+/- x) of the middle 3% of the population if we assume it is normal?
Demand (D) is often expressed as a function of price (P). Given the following demand curve, at what price will demand = 10?
D = 5000 – 25P – P^3
Here are the possible ways the match can turn out. B means that Bill won the game; J means that Joe won the game.
B B Bill wins in 2.
B J B Bill wins in 3
B J J Joe wins in 3.
J B B Bill wins in 3.
J J Joe wins in 2.
J B J Joe wins in 3.
Find the probabilities of each scenario by multiplying by 1/3 if Bill wins the game or by 2/3 if Joe wins.
B B Bill wins in 2. Probability: 1/3 * 1/3 0.1111
B J B Bill wins in 3 1/3 * 2/3 * 1/3 0.0741
B J J Joe wins in 3. 1/3 * 2/3 * 2/3 0.1481
J B B Bill wins in 3. 2/3 * 1/3 * 1/3 0.0741
J J Joe wins in 2. 2/3 * 2/3 0.4444
J B J Joe wins in 3. 2/3 * 1/3 * 2/3 0.1481
Notice that the probabilities add up to 1 (100%).
Find the …
The expert examines quantitative methods in probability.