Primary alcohols can be oxidized to aldehydes and carboxylic acids. Often it is difficult to stop at the aldehyde oxidation state. One method frequently used to accomplish this, for those that boil below about 100 degrees C, is to remove the product from the reaction mixture as it is formed. This method is based on the fact that aldehydes have a lower boiling point than their corresponding alcohols. Explain this difference in boiling point.
Generally, aldehydes have lower boiling points than the corresponding alcohols of the same carbon chain length. This is due to the type and strength of intermolecular force of attraction (IMFA) existing among the molecules of the two compounds.
The expert examines how primary alcohols oxidizes to aldehydes and carboxylic acids.