Multiple myeloma, or blood plasma cancer, is characterized by increased blood vessel formulation (angiogenesis) in the bone marrow that is a predictive factor in survival. One treatment approach used for multiple
myeloma is stem cell transplantation with the patient’s own stem cells. The following datarepresent the bone marrow microvessel density for patients who had a complete response to the stem cell transplant.
The measurements were taken immediately prior to the stem cell transplant and at the time thee complete response was determined:
Patient Before After
1 158 284
2 189 214
3 202 101
4 353 227
5 416 290
6 426 176
7 441 290
a. At the 0.5 level of significance, is there evidence that the mean
bone marrow microvessel density is higher before the stem cell
transplant than after the stem cell transplant?
b. Interpret the meaning of the p-value in (a).
c. Construct and interpret a 95% confidence intervalestimate
of the meandifference in bone marrow microvessel density
before and after the stem cell transplant.
d. What assumption is necessary about the population
distribution in order to perform the test in (a)?
The solution gives detailed steps on performing and analyzing a paired t test using excel, with all calculations shown.