Discuss something you have witnessed or observed in nature. Discuss the temptation to imply or infer causality and be sure to identify areas of future investigation that might be warranted to determine cause and effect.
Note: I was thinking of the correlationof someone abused at a young age and the effects of self-efficacy and relationship issues as one ages in life. I know that X causes Y, but Y could also cause X and there could even be a third factor.
Your example is an interesting one. I don’t know the literature on this topic too well, but it sounds like you have evidence that abuse early in life (X) can cause damage later in life (Y; in terms of self-efficacy and relationship quality). So that’s one way to draw a causal conclusion, and there may very well be data to support the argument that this is valid. That being said, I think this is the type of conclusion this question is designed to get at: do we really know that there is a causal relationship? It would, of …
This solution helps go through the meaning of correlation of child abuse with later life relationship issues.