Could you please help me understand the eight characteristics of science? I.e. empirical, systematic, theoretical, provisional, public, objective, self-reflective, and open-ended process. What are differences and similarities?
Empirical, in science, focuses on disregarding theory and relying instead on practical experience. This means that theorizing or hypothesizing about a scientific solution is not acceptable; that the experiment has to be actually conducted in order to prove results and come to a conclusion.
Theoretical relates to theory (which is the opposite of empirical). This is the area of science that speculates a theory and hypothesizes its results without (or before) conducting the experiment. This characteristic of science is strictly restricted to theory and not practical (which is seen a lot in sciences such as physics).
Provisional is the scientific characteristic that states nothing in science is ever final. This means that science has the ability to …
The characteristics of science in empirical, systematic and open-ended processes are determined. The differences and similarities are provided.