The basicity of aromatic amines depends on the electrondonation or electron withdrawing groupsattached to the benzene ring, the more the number of electron donating group attached to the ring the more basic the compound will be. Nitration of toluene gives three products. The rearrangement products of reaction attached in the problem is shown clearly
(See attached file for full problem description)
Rearrangement does not require explanation, which are shown by equation neatly in the attached file.
The solution to the attached problem is given in the attached file.
1) The basicity of amines in the decreasing order
Basicity depends on the electron donating or …
The order of basicity of amines is explained showing some examples. Nitration of toluene is explained with one example showing three products and their ratio. Rearrangement of some compounds shown with full mechanism.